Question

1. # This Temple Was Built And Decorate Using The Mathematical Concepts

## Introduction

Mathematics is one of the most fundamental and important subjects in education. It shapes how we think about the world, and it’s crucial for our everyday lives. That’s why it’s no surprise that many Temple University students turned to mathematics when they were tasked with designing and decorating this temple. The project, which was completed in just three weeks, used a variety of mathematical concepts to create everything from the decorations to the floorplan. If you want to learn more about these concepts and see some amazing examples of their use, check out this article. You might be surprised at just how much mathematics shapes our lives and the world around us.

## The Temple’s Design

The Temple of Karnak is one of the most famous and well-preserved ancient Egyptian temples. The temple was originally built by the Pharaoh Amenhotep III during the 13th century BC, but it was later remodeled and decorated using the mathematical concepts of geometry and trigonometry.

The design of the temple is based on a series of platonic solids, which are shapes that are not actually physical objects but rather abstractions created by mathematicians. The temple’s main entrance is located at the center of one of the solids, and each side of the entrance is decorated with a different shape.

The temple also features several other geometric designs, including a series of triangular panels that form an elaborate staircase. The panels are shaped like triangles because they were created using the Pythagorean theorem, which states that in a right triangle, the square of the length of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of two other sides.

## The Temple’s Construction

The Temple of Karnak was built in the late 18th century BC by Pharaoh Amenhotep III and is one of the most famous religious structures in Egypt. The temple is dedicated to the god Amun, who was worshiped primarily as a fertility god. Construction of the temple began in 1638 BC and lasted for more than twenty years.

The temple is made out of a series of huge limestone blocks that are up to thirty feet long, twelve feet wide, and six feet high. The blocks were dragged from the nearby quarries by gangs of slaves, who worked under harsh conditions.

To create a smooth surface for the blocks, workers used a technique called “sanding.” They would use huge sandworms to churn up the sand until it was nearly glass-like. Then they would use brushes and chisels to remove any imperfections or bumps on the surface of the blocks.

The Temple’s Construction: Mathematical Concepts
Construction of ancient temples such as The Temple of Karnak relied heavily on mathematical concepts such as proportions and geometric shapes. In fact, many aspects of ancient Egyptian architecture can be explained using mathematics.
In order to construct The Temple of Karnak using only slave labor, builders had to employ precise measurements and guidelines. For instance, sections of each block had to be uniform in size and shape so that they could be easily assembled together. Similarly, each block needed to have matching angles so that they formed an overall symmetrical structure.

## Mathematical Concepts Used in the Temple’s Decoration

The Temple of Horus at Edfu was built and decorated using the mathematical concepts of geometry, proportion, and alignment. The temple is one of the most complete extant examples of Egyptian temple architecture.

The Temple’s facade is composed of a series of columns that are aligned with the cardinal directions. The columns rise to a height of 52 feet (16 meters) and are arranged in a U-shape around a courtyard. The facade is lined with more than 600 tall limestone statues, most of which are carved with intricate hieroglyphic text.

The columns and statues were constructed using precise geometric principles. For example, the column shafts were cut to a uniform height and width, then angled so that their tops would fit snugly together. This ensured that the facade would appear uniform from all angles.

Another feature that was executed using geometric principles is the Temple’s roofline. The roofline follows the curve of an imaginary line called a “merkhet”. The merkhet was used as a reference point for aligning other architectural features, like doorjambs and windows.

## Conclusion

In the past, mathematicians used complex calculations and diagrams to help them understand and visualize their theories. Today, those same mathematical concepts are used to create intricate temple designs. Whether it is for religious or philosophical reasons, these stunning structures showcase the incredible power and beauty of mathematics. Thank you for reading!