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    2022-12-28T20:10:18+05:30

    Which Substance Is Placed In Lead Block In Rutherford’S Experiment

    In 1843, Scottish scientist James Hutton proposed the Hutton principle, which states that the Earth’s surface is constantly being reshaped by the forces of erosion and deposition. In this blog post, we will investigate Rutherford’s experiment and see how lead is placed in a block so that he can study its properties.

    Background of Rutherford’S Experiment

    In 1919, the physicist and Nobel laureate Ernest Rutherford carried out what is now considered one of the most famous experiments in history. Rutherford placed a piece of lead in a gold block and bombarded it with alpha particles (helium nuclei). He was looking for evidence that two substances could not be combined, since exploding atoms should scatter the alpha particles in all directions.

    What he found was that the alpha particles went straight through the gold block and created a sort of “shadow” on the other side. This shadow showed that some of the alpha particles had come into contact with the atom of nitrogen inside the lead block, causing it to break down (evaporate) and release energy.

    What Substance Was Placed In The Lead Block?

    The substance that was placed in the lead block in Rutherford’s experiment was a small amount of gold. By bombarding the lead with particles of gold, Rutherford demonstrated that energy can be transferred through the metal. This experiment is also significant because it helped to confirm the theory of nuclear chain reaction.

    Results of Rutherford’S Experiment

    The results of Rutherford’s experiment were that lead is not a solid. Lead does not have the same properties as other substances, such as being able to conduct electricity.

    Summary

    In 1879, British physicist Lord Rutherford conducted an experiment that demonstrated the true nature of atoms. In his experiment, Rutherford placed a lead block in an oven and bombarded it with alpha particles. The lead block turned into a hot liquid due to the bombardment. Rutherford then used a microscope to view the atoms inside the lead block. He found that the atom had changed its form. The atom had split into two new atoms. Rutherford called this process nuclear fission.

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