Which Material Was Used In House Making In Harappan Civilization


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    Which Material Was Used In House Making In Harappan Civilization


    Houses are undoubtedly one of the most iconic pieces of architecture that we associate with the Harappan civilization. And while the Harappan houses were built of a variety of materials, one material that stands out is burnt bricks. What is burnt brick? Burned bricks are bricks that have been heated until they reach a high temperature and then allowed to cool. This process creates a hard, durable brick that is able to withstand heavy use and weathering. Today, you can find burnt bricks used in a variety of structures, from homes to commercial buildings. So next time you see a house made out of brick, know that it’s not something exclusive to ancient civilizations—it’s something that you can enjoy today!

    Harappan Textiles

    The materials used in Harappan house making include wool, linen, cotton, and silk. Wool was the most widely used textile material in Harappan culture. Wool was used to make blankets, quilts, and clothes. Linen was also widely used in Harappan society. Linen was used to make sheets, tablecloths, and napkins. Cotton was also commonly used in Harappan society. Cotton was used to make clothing, bedding, and sacks. Silk was only rarely used in Harappan society. Silk was only ever found as a part of religious artifacts.

    Types of Fibers Used in Harappan Textiles

    The fabrics used in ancient Indian house making were made of a number of different fibers. These included cotton, wool, silk, and jute. Cotton was the most common fiber used in these garments because it was both strong and durable. Wool was also popular because it could be spun into a variety of textures and colors, and it was warm to the touch. Silk was used for its softness and versatility. Jute was often used as the backing for textiles because it is tough and resistant to wear.

    Dyeing and Weaving Techniques in Harappan Textiles

    The use of natural dyes and pigments in textiles from the Harappan civilization suggests that these materials were readily available and probably affordable. Indigo, one of the most common dyes used in ancient India, is a plant-based dye made from plants such as indigofera fruit or roots. Other plant-based dyes used in Harappan textiles include madder (Rubia tinctorum) and weld (Vicia faba). Animal-based dyes were also popular in ancient Indian textiles. Red ochre, for example, was a common paint pigment used in ancient India and the Near East.

    The use of complex weaving techniques is also indicative of an advanced textile manufacturing process. One example is the weft-faced weave, where warp threads are alternately stacked on top of one another with their silk faces directed towards the weft (the imaginary “yarn” which runs through the loom perpendicular to the warp). This type of weave creates an incredibly strong fabric with a distinctive appearance.


    The Harappan civilization is one of the most mysterious and fascinating ancient civilizations that ever existed. From their abundant finds of intricate seals, figurines, jewelry and other artifacts, it is evident that the Harappans were experts in art. One intriguing question has always been: what material was used to make these artifacts? Some have suggested that they may have used terracotta or even plastic because these materials are so durable today. However, further investigation into this topic reveals that there is no concrete evidence to support such claims. What we do know is that the Harappan civilization flourished circa 3300–2600 BCE in present-day India and Pakistan; therefore, any conclusions drawn about their material preferences must be taken with a considerable degree of skepticism.

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