Similarity Of Mitochondria And Chloroplast With Prokaryotic Cell
Prokaryotic cells are simple, single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus and other organelles. The most common prokaryotes are bacteria, but smaller prokaryotes include archaea and cyanobacteria. Prokaryotic cells are more ancient than eukaryotic cells (which include all other types of living things), and they have several features that make them different from the cells found in plants and animals. One difference is that the DNA of prokaryotes is not located within a nucleus, where it would be protected from damage by radiation or chemicals outside the cell. Instead, the DNA of prokaryotic cells is located in structures called nucleoids—structures that resemble chromosomes but do not contain any genes themselves.
What Are Prokaryotic Cells?
Prokaryotic cells are the most primitive form of life. They have no nucleus and no membrane-bound organelles, a single circular chromosome, and no endosymbiotic relationship with other organisms. Prokaryotic cells also do not contain a cytoskeleton or intercellular junctions (tight junctions).
These organisms are divided into two categories based on their shape: spherical bacteria or rod-shaped bacilli. They are unicellular organisms that reproduce by binary fission or sexual reproduction using conjugation
Mitochondria are found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells. They are circular in shape, with a double membrane, and have their own DNA and ribosomes.
The chloroplast is a photosynthetic organelle found in plants and some algae. It is a double membrane structure with a single inner membrane and contains thylakoids, grana and stroma.
The chloroplast has its own genetic material that is separate from the nucleus of the cell. This DNA has its own genes which allow it to produce proteins needed for photosynthesis.
Mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to prokaryotic cells in many ways. They have their own DNA, they reproduce on their own and they contain within them the machinery necessary to make proteins. The main difference between mitochondria and chloroplasts is that these organelles have been engulfed by eukaryotic cells (the type of cell that makes up multicellular organisms). In other words, they were once free-living prokaryotes but were taken over by another organism and now live inside it as part of its cellular makeup.
Prokaryotic cells are simple cells without a nucleus. They also lack membrane-bound organelles and have no endomembrane system. This means that prokaryotic cells cannot produce complex proteins, nor can they secrete them into the surrounding environment. The only way for these organisms to get nutrients is through diffusion, which takes place across their cell wall (also called their envelope).
As you can see, both mitochondria and chloroplasts are similar to prokaryotic cells in many ways: they’re small; they live independently within larger organisms; they don’t have nuclei; etcetera!
In conclusion, we can see that prokaryotic cells share a lot of similarities with eukaryotic cells. This is because they all evolved from prokaryotes which are the earliest form of life on Earth. The main difference between these two types of cells is that eukaryotes have a nucleus whereas prokaryotes don’t have any nucleus at all!